What Is the Darknet?
People are often perplexed about what really the darknet is. First, it is at times confused with the deep web, a term that refers to parts of the Internet that search engines couldn’t index. The deep web, according to experts, is several times bigger than the surface web (mainstream Internet).
The dark web (or dark net) composes a small percentage of the deep web. Its contents could not be found by the search engines, but beyond that, it is called the anonymous Internet. Within the dark net, website publishers as well as web surfers are totally anonymous. Although huge government agencies can theoretically track people’s activities in this secret space, the process is very complicated, requires a large amount of resources, and isn’t always fruitful.
Access to the hidden Internet, on the other hand, is astoundingly easy. The most common way of doing it is through a service known as Tor (or TOR), which stands for The Onion Router. Technically savvy users may find several ways of configuring and using Tor, but for ordinary folks, it can also be as hassle-free as installing a new browser.
The Tor browser may even be used for surfing the surface web in secret, affording the user extra protection against any potential threat, from government spying to hacking to corporate data gathering. It also allows you visit websites anonymously published on the Tor network, could not be accessed by anyone not using Tor. Without a doubt, this is one of the biggest and most popular portions of the darknet. Tor website addresses don’t look anything like the usual URLs – they include seemingly random character strings and end with .onion.
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Another privacy network termed I2P (the Invisible Internet Project) has grown in popularity recently. While Tor still has a lot of users, I2P is fast catching up, offering a whole range of improvements such as integrated secure email and file storage and file sharing plug-ins, plus integrated social features like chat and blogging. A lot of Tor users also like the extra layer of privacy provided a virtual private network, or VPN. Though no one can tell what exactly you’re doing online with your onion router, surveillance entities can detect that you are using Tor for something. There were rumors in 2014 about the NSA tagging Tor users as extremists or persons of interest. That would be an extremely long list with no solid evidence of what would be done with it, but it is something that people would naturally want to avoid. Using a VPN when connecting to Tor will practically erase this problem because then, nobody would even have an inkling that the person is using Tor.The 10 Best Resources For Guides